Three Christian homeschoolers became radicalized domestic terrorists this year and it’s only May.

On April 22, 29-year-old Travis Reinking made headlines when he shot and killed four people in a Waffle House in Nashville, TN. His motives are still unclear. Because Reinking is white and his victims were black, some have speculated that racism played a role. But I’m looking at another possible influence: the fact that Reinking was homeschooled in a fundamentalist Christian environment.

We know Reinking’s upbringing was fundamentalist because his mother, Judy Reinking, wrote a plethora of Facebook posts about Christianity and homeschooling, including the role of school prayer in supposedly mitigating mass shootings—ironic, considering that her son (who likely was raised with lots of prayer) went on to become a mass shooter himself. Judy Reinking also shared posts about the fundamentalist Creation Museum and a fundamentalist homeschool organization.

I, too, was raised in a fundamentalist Christian homeschooling family. My siblings and I were taught that the Bible is the inspired and infallible “word of God.” We grew up with creationist teachings. And we were told the removal of school-sanctioned prayer from public schools led to a host of problems in society.

Tragically, Reinking is not alone in what he did. In this year alone, two other domestic terrorists shared the same type of homeschooling background as Reinking. On several days in March, 24-year-old Mark Anthony Conditt mailed bombs to victims in Austin. Later that month, 28-year-old Benjamin Douglas Morrow from Wisconsin blew himself up with explosives he was building for domestic terrorism. All of these homeschooled men either targeted black people or were found with white supremacist literature.

Reinking, Conditt, and Morrow join a long list of other homeschooled kids who grew up to become violent. It seems reasonable and important to ask, therefore: Is a certain strain of fundamentalist Christian homeschooling contributing to acts of domestic terrorism in the US? I am worried that could be the case, because many of these children aren’t only taught religion; they’re also taught, directly and indirectly, that people of color are inferior and to glorify violence against them.

When I was young, white supremacist ideology was subtly infused in our teachings and practices. For example, our textbooks taught that white people rightly conquered the United States for the sake of Jesus, even when that meant genocide. We read only white authors, though sometimes we made exceptions for Booker T. Washington. (White people love Booker T. Washington.) The only history we learned was the history of white people.

This white supremacy permeates Christian homeschooling, as many homeschooling curricula are based in segregationist and racist ideas. For example, many homeschoolers use material from Bob Jones University, a school that refused to admit any black students until 1971, seventeen years after Brown vs. Board of Education, and prohibited interracial dating until 2000. Or consider Accelerated Christian Education, a homeschooling curriculum that depicts segregated classrooms. One homeschool curriculum on world history published by A Beka even goes so far as to argue that European colonization of Africa “benefited the lives of many Africans.”

Many homeschooled children are taught little about black history, and what little they are taught is shoddy and biased and indicates a nostalgia for previous eras where segregation thrived. This is part and parcel with the territory, as homeschooling has long been an exclusive club meant only for white fundamentalist Christians.

Today, organizations like White Pride Homeschool are unabashedly promoting these ideologies and practices, without resorting to the subtle racism of more mainstream organizations. They proudly proclaim that they “encourage a Christian lifestyle for all races and do not believe in integrated classrooms.”

When such white supremacy teachings, subtle or overt, are mixed with the radicalization and fascination for violence shown by Reinking, Conditt, and Morrow, the results are deadly: Reinking shot African Americans, Conditt terrorized black people, and Morrow was found with ISIS-style bombs and white supremacist literature. An education that focuses on white supremacy teaches a kind of poisonous righteousness. It is teaching that other people and cultures are worth less and that committing violence against them is approved by God.

To be clear, not all homeschoolers teach white supremacy. There are progressive homeschoolers, even African-American homeschoolers. In fact, African-American homeschoolers are one of the fastest-growing sub-groups within homeschooling. According to PBS, “In the last 15 years, the number of black children in homeschool has doubled from 103,000 to about 220,000.” Many black homeschoolers specifically homeschool so that they can teach African-American history to their children without the racist underpinnings of public schools. They emphasize that homeschooling gives them the freedom to teach from an Afrocentric perspective.

But while homeschooling is certainly diversifying, it nonetheless continues to be dominated by Christian fundamentalists, many of whom are teaching their children dangerous ideologies about white supremacy, inferiority of people of color, and the necessity of “taking back the United States for Jesus,” by force if necessary.

Until the homeschooling movement comes to terms with its teachings of white supremacy and violence, we’ll continue to see homeschooled children like Reinking, Conditt, and Morrow grow up to fear, hate, and kill.

Share this article :

R.L. Stollar is an advocate for children and abuse survivors and a child liberation theologian. He is a Certification Specialist for Godly Response to Abuse in the Christian Environment (GRACE) and a Board Member for the Child-Friendly Faith Project. Ryan has an M.H.S. in Child Protection from Nova Southeastern University, an M.A. in Eastern Classics from St. John’s College, and a B.A. in Liberal Arts from Gutenberg College. He has served on the board of and run numerous social media campaigns for homeschool advocacy organizations, including the Coalition for Responsible Home Education and Homeschool Alumni Reaching Out. Homeschooled from kindergarten through high school graduation, Ryan worked over eight years as a public communications educator to high school students in homeschooling communities. His advocacy work on behalf of homeschooled students has been featured in national and international media and academia. Follow Ryan on Twitter at @RLStollar and learn more about child liberation theology at


  1. Dag Gano
    January 15, 2022

    Calling him a “radicalized domestic terrorist” is dishonest and absurd. He’s a severe schizophrenic who should have been institutionalized but wasn’t.

  2. Jeriah Knox
    April 30, 2019

    Don’t forget to include secular religions like Hitler’s, Stalin’s, and Mao’s or today Planned Parenthood’s belief that worthwhile blessing can be attained by committing genocide. Many parents choose to homeschool because secular religions are unable to see genocide and murder as anything more than star dust bumping into each other.
    All laws are based on religious moral beliefs, even laws supporting child sacrifice and abortion.
    Holding a gun to a man’s head, forcing him to allow his wife to spill the blood of his children because of some beliefs about morality is just law based on bad religious beliefs.

  3. Brien Doyle
    April 30, 2019

    When do we finally get to drag the religions into the courts to force them to prove their claims of their gods….?…!

  4. May 19, 2018

    That many Christian fundamentalists are violent and racist should not surprise us given they read the bible literally and as god’s word. First, Miriam’s Song of the Sea in Exodus declares that Yahweh is a war god. The oldest book in the bible, Deuteronomy, has “God” order “his people” to kill their neighbors and to take their land, harvests, cisterns, and virgins while showing “no mercy”. Second, it is no secret that many children are traumatized and programmed to fight for the Lord and to fight against “Satan” in America. “Jesus Camp” is only one window into this problem. Suzanna Westley taught that children should fear the rod by age one and she remains a saint in this movement. Third, children’s brains are malleable; they conform to their environment. Fourth, Frances Fitzgerald’s “The Evangelicals: The Struggle to Shape America” documents the history of bible belt evangelicalism. It is rooted in pro-slavery theology dating back to the 1830s. Fifth, the rebirth of the KKK in the 1920s was led by a Methodist minister in Georgia. Given the history of Christian fundamentalism, we really should not be surprised that many of their children are mentally ill. Sixth, the environment is creating them because the parents and ministers do not know history or archaeology. Israel Finkelstein, PhD archaeologist at Tel Aviv U and historian Neil A. Silberman have documented in “The Bible Unearthed” that the Old Testament stories (even the Exodus and holy land grant) are propaganda created by the priests to conform to King Josiah’s political agenda in the 7th century BCE —– which was to conquer the land between the Nile and the Euphrates for Judah. Seventh, Christian fundamentalists read the New Testament and the Jesus story out of its historical context which is the Jewish War against Rome. Jesus was not the victim of a father who demanded human sacrifice. IF he existed (there is no historical evidence that he did), he would have been crucified by Rome for sedition —- for being one of the zealot warriors who believed Yahweh and his heavenly hosts would descend and help them battle Rome based on many of the same Old Testament “prophecies” that many evangelicals use today. Fortunately, I had public schooling and that made me aware that not everyone agreed with what my family and church taught me. However, I still found myself in a psych hospital due to the abuse and brainwashing I experienced in evangelical fundamentalism that included being taken to a lynching by these saints Labor Day weekend 1953. Many evangelicals have experienced trauma and brainwashing. Evangelical parents are often being taught (unwittingly) to sacrifice their own children.

Comments are closed.