Note: When we wrote this blog post, the CFFP had no idea that Cal Farley’s Boys Ranch had a long history of severe abuse and neglect. We stand by this post, which describes the good work that Boys Ranch does for young people today. However, we believe that all institutions that care for children must be transparent about their mistakes, not just their accomplishments. To read more about the abuses discovered at Boys Ranch, please see this blog post.

When Wendy arrived at Cal Farley’s Boys Ranch several years ago, she left her difficult childhood behind. This was a chance to begin again. As she said in an interview that appears on their website,

I’d never really lived with my parents for very long at a time before I came to Boys Ranch. I did a lot of shifting throughout my childhood. I went to about probably six or seven elementary schools altogether. I remember my very first day [at Boys Ranch] and I was like, “Why are these people just so nice to me?” Then, after a few weeks of going to the summer program, I started getting more comfortable and learning who people were and talking to people.

Wendy began participating in the facility’s equine assisted psychotherapy program, which helps residents learn how to connect with others by interacting with horses. Wendy started working with a colt as a way to “work on who I am,” such as trying to be more patient and assertive.

It taught me that, through all the hard times—‘cause there is tons of hard times working with horses —that you just can’t give up. Because if you give up, then it’s gonna be okay to give up throughout anything else you wanna do. Because you have to work on it. You can’t just have a goal and not do anything to, like, reach it. If I wouldn’t have come out here, I don’t think I would be anywhere close to the person I am now, ’cause not everybody has an easy situation [in] that they can go to school or have nice clothes or have food on their table.

While she used to worry that she’d never go to college, Wendy now has a very different outlook on life and aspires to become a large animal veterinarian. “I’ve learned about who I am and what I want to do,” she says.

Wendy is just one of hundreds of young people who have overcome big obstacles while living at Cal Farley’s, or as many call it, Boys Ranch. Here, staff helps residents struggle with all kinds of challenging issues including aggression, substance abuse, and anger management, often stemming from environmental factors such as domestic violence, trauma, abuse, neglect, and abandonment.

To help residents heal and gain emotional maturity, Cal Farley’s offers a unique program that involves a sophisticated psychotherapy model along with non-denominational Christian teachings.


Professional wrestler and businessman Cal Farley started Boys Ranch in 1939 about thirty miles north of Amarillo. Today, the 11,000-acre facility has a chapel, residences, a counseling and medical clinic, sports fields, and two cafeterias. Cal Farley’s, which is privately funded, offers its services to families free of charge.


Unlike many residential programs that must send young people to public schools offsite, Cal Farley’s hosts its own K-12 school on the premises. (The Boys Ranch Independent School District is approved through the Texas Education Agency.) Students also take science-based, after-school classes that help them learn team-building, leadership, and problem-solving.

The facility wasn’t always run this way. There was a time when corporal punishment was used frequently to control children, and some former residents say they suffered severe abuse. So it’s clear that the ranch has evolved in how it views and treats young people. Cal Farley’s Model of Leadership and Service speaks to children’s needs for safety, belonging, achievement, power, purpose, and adventure. The staff believes that when these six needs are met, residents are able to reach their fullest potential.


This mission is partly achieved through Christian-based worship that includes mission trips.

“Many of us at Cal Farley’s believe what others have long noticed, that mission trips are among the most powerful vehicles of positive transformation,” writes Cal Farley’s senior chaplain Mike Wilhelm in an article on the organization’s website. As an example, says Wilhelm, residents have gone to Acuna, Mexico, to build homes for people in need of shelter.

An Advanced Therapeutic Approach

But an effective program must also include a psychological component that is based on a proven, therapeutic model. Such a model began to take shape in 2002, when the organization made a major shift toward “a strength-based perspective with an emphasis on relationally based interventions,” says Michelle Maikoetter, Senior Administrator for Residential Programs at Cal Farley’s.

“This was in direct opposition to existing views of children, which included seeing them as sick, rather than well, and in need of punishment rather than understanding,” she says.

In fact, the ranch is a flagship site for the Houston-based Child Trauma Academy which has developed what it calls a “neurobiology-informed approach to clinical problem solving.” Maikoetter adds,

The model takes into account neurodevelopment, relational health, past experiences, and learning as a way to look at the whole child, not just a child’s behavior. We move them from where they’ve been—where they were told that their behavior is simple willful defiance—to being curious as to what need is behind the behavior.

Maikoetter says that the results of this approach are evident: residents’ relationships are healthier and they can better cultivate their strengths, develop more self-control, maintain their dignity, and learn new skills. Janet Heimlich, founder and executive director of the Child-Friendly Faith Project, recently visited the ranch and was impressed by how the staff talked about the progress residents have made. Says Heimlich,

We’re always searching for faith-based programs for children that go that extra step to learn about child development and best practices for keeping kids safe. The staff at Cal Farley’s seems to provide a remarkably effective therapeutic program to children who have suffered abuse and neglect.


To those in the local and surrounding communities, Cal Farley’s is best known for its annual rodeo, a program Cal Farley started to prevent residents from feeling isolated. Since 1944, residents have been showcasing their talents of bronco riding, barrel racing, and pole bending to some 10,000 fans. Other residents sell programs, work in concessions, and help with traffic control.

In addition to the rodeo, Boys Ranch residents learn how to cultivate new interests through the after-school program. Teenage resident Rene, who’s a member of the Rocketry Club, says in an interview on the facility’s website that she discovered that she loves science and engineering.


Says Rene, “In coming here, I have matured a lot. . . I did really bad in school before and now I’m one of the most trustworthy kids, I’m the leader in my house, and I have really good problem-solving skills that I never had before.”

10570435_815393978511405_7444542122879072374_nJasmine Nguyen is a regular blogger for the Child-Friendly Faith Project. She is working toward receiving a Bachelor’s degree in social work from Texas State University in San Marcos. Her studies include children and families, community planning, and mental health.

If you or someone you know experienced physical, emotional, or sexual abuse as a child at a facility or institution, you are not alone and there are resources there to help. Please feel free to get in touch with us at

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Janet Heimlich is an award-winning journalist and the author of "Breaking Their Will: Shedding Light on Religious Child Maltreatment," the first book to fully examine the issue of child abuse and neglect enabled by religious belief. In 2012, Janet founded the Child-Friendly Faith Project whose mission is to share knowledge and build community around the issue of religious child maltreatment (RCM) and advocate for and empower those whose lives are impacted by RCM. She also sits on the board of directors of Foundation Beyond Belief and co-hosts the podcast, "Parenting Beyond Belief." Prior to becoming a child advocate, Janet was a freelance reporter for National Public Radio, work for which she won numerous journalism awards; she has also written nonfiction articles for such publications as Texas Monthly and the Texas Observer.


  1. Steve
    July 24, 2015

    I will never get over what they did to us out at the work farm. I can tell you stories and I might tell a story everyday. This story is about a 10 year old boy that wet the bed. There was a 6ft.4in. basketball coach that would jerk him out of his bed every morning, only wearing his underwear he cut a 2 inch belt into his legs. I could here him screaming and begging for the bastard to quit but he wouldn’t quit. See I still feel so bad because I couldn’t help him. This 10 year old boy was my brother. I can still hear his screams.

    • Jasmine Nguyen
      July 24, 2015

      Steve, as author of this blog post, I want to thank you for feeling the need to share with us your story. I thought I should inform you that we have read all of your comments, some of which are still pending. We have also notified staff at Cal Farley’s about your comments. We do not want you to feel like your voice is unheard. If you feel the need to continue to comment, then please do. Please know that every comment is read and taken seriously.

      Thank you,
      Jasmine Nguyen

  2. Steve
    July 23, 2015

    I spent 11 long years at the ranch. Cal Farley hired the dumbest people in the world to work with the boy’s, also the meanest. There was constant abuse, I saw kids beat quite often. I haven’t seen these ex ranchers in years, but ask anyone of them if they got the holy hell beat out of them. [Deleted text] I could tell you stories all day long about the work farm and mean bastards that ought to be in prison.

    • July 23, 2015

      Steve, I appreciate you submitting this comment. I am so sorry that you and other children and teens were treated cruelly during those years you lived at the ranch. I had heard that the ranch used to use corporal punishment to discipline children. As the editor of this post, I see it as a failing that we never addressed that issue. It’s not enough to just show a facility’s current state but to also discuss its evolution toward a more compassionate approach of nurturing and teaching children. If we turn our backs on the past, we will never learn from our mistakes. I am grateful that children at Cal Farley’s now have a chance at being treated with compassion and that you brought this issue to light. I hope you don’t mind, but to protect individuals’ privacy, I have deleted the names you provided of other people who lived on the ranch.


      Janet Heimlich
      Executive Director
      The Child-Friendly Faith Project

    • Michelle Maikoetter
      July 27, 2015

      I am extremely saddened to hear your story and the others you tell it for. I currently work at Cal Farley’s Boys Ranch and I want you to know, we would never want a child to have an experience such as what you have described.
      I have only been here for 8 years, and I can only speak to the work we are currently doing.
      We want the children who live with us to feel safe and loved so they can create that same space for their own children some day.
      As the leader of an organization wanting to provide a community of people dedicated to helping children thrive, I struggle with finding words to share with you. If connecting with me could, in some way, be of help to you, please feel free to contact me directly at
      Michelle Maikoetter, MA, NCC, LPC-S
      Senior Administrator for Residential Programs
      Cal Farley’s Boys Ranch

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